Event News, Specialized News

Art antenna – Ecology

A golf director shared that customers (most of the VIPs and businessmen) have complained or lost mobile signal when entering the golf course.However, if the golf course allows networks to install stations, the landscape being looked after very carefully will be made worse. So how to solve this problem?

Booming broadcasting station

After more than 15 years of development, with 6 mobile networks, the number of mobile transceivers (BTS or Repeater) is now more than 25,000 (not including other urban radio networks such as Cityphone, Daphone …). With the fierce competition going on in the telecommunications market, networks must be increasing the number of BTS at a rapid pace to prove the superiority of their stature and coverage to customers.

The three leading networks, Viettel, Mobifone and Vinaphone, all plan to increase the number of stations from several thousand to tens of thousands of stations this year. HT Mobile is preparing to return with 5,000 new BTS stations. The GTel network of the Ministry of Public Security is about to be launched and cannot be lower than this. The BTS investment of the remaining two networks, S-Fone and EVN Telecom, will also be in the thousands for the next few years. In addition, in 2009, when the 3G exam results are announced, 4 successful networks will have to deploy more 3G systems as committed in the application file. Meanwhile, tens of thousands more antennas were built to cover 3G (can use the same column, but 3G antenna must be different from 2G).

Thus, the number of antenna columns in Vietnam in the next 1-2 years will not be less than 50,000 stations, a number … huge! (On average, for 64 provinces and cities, there will be nearly 800 stations each). It can be said that few countries have the density of stations as much as Vietnam. The two main cities with the highest concentrations are Saigon and Hanoi. Many residential areas standing in one place can count more than 7, 8 surrounding antenna pillars. It is not difficult to point out the cause of this situation: a large number of suppliers, a very high level of competition in the market, a large Vietnamese population and a small area with little cooperation. Antenna column…

With the arrival of such a large number of antenna columns, the architecture of houses and the general landscape, from the city to the rural areas, have been negatively impacted. In urban areas, jagged antenna pylons are found everywhere on rooftops. The architecture of the house is deformed and has no original shape when it is impossible to recognize whether it is a house or … antenna station.

According to some urban planning experts, these antenna iron pillars are visual pollution, which will ruin the natural beauty value of the surrounding area or population.

This is most noticeable at resorts, golf courses, resorts or parks. The appearance of these iron pillars will ruin the beautiful image of the whole region.

For historical sites, national landscapes such as Hue tombs, Huong pagodas, Hoi An, Ha Long … the construction of works affecting the vision or the surrounding landscape is a micro breaking the law.

Unfortunately, this has not been fully considered by urban managers, or cultural managers. There is no monument or landscape that lacks cellular signal and, of course, is accompanied by antennae pointing at the landscape.

One solution: camouflage!

A head of a major network headache, said: “At the request of the market and superiors, the plan requires the construction of thousands of BTS stations this year and next year. However, finding the current location is very difficult due to the increasing demands of the people on health and beauty, not to mention the requirements of the procedures for permission of local authorities. Areas such as District 1, Phu My Hung … are difficult for us to deploy the station while the current flow is overloaded. If new BTS stations are not installed, the communication of subscribers in these areas will be greatly affected. ”

Conflict between the deployment of BTS and the reaction of the people and local authorities is a common problem of carriers in all countries, especially in developed countries such as Europe and the United States due to requirements. The people and the government are very strict. Accordingly, the cost to build a BTS station in the US sometimes reaches hundreds of thousands or even millions of dollars for many costs such as licenses, equipment, architecture, construction …

To solve the aesthetic problem, the solution of camouflage or art design for antennas has been launched since 1992 in the US. Accordingly, the antenna columns have been disguised into many different shapes: flagpoles, crossbones, bell towers, chimneys, terrace balustrades, light poles, clock poles, water towers, billboards, etc. especially disguised as trees of all kinds depending on their surroundings: palm trees, coconut trees, camphor trees, pine trees, bamboos … Authorities in many places have issued regulations requiring antenna antennas to be be hidden or camouflaged to match the surrounding landscape. For existing stations, within a certain period, it must be replaced by camouflage. As a result, according to Time, the percentage of antenna columns disguised in the US has reached more than 25%.

Ever, Vietnam?

The idea of ​​camouflage for trees is obviously not that hard to come up with, but to do so, the cost of the networks will increase many times. According to our research, the cost to disguise will increase the price from 4 to 10 times a normal tower. For example, in the US or China, the cost of a pillar usually ranges from $ 40,000 to $ 150,000.

The cost of mobile carriers will increase but for the long-term goals of the community and the country, most countries have implemented this camouflage. Meanwhile, in Vietnam, a market with a large number of subscribers and a dense number of antenna stations, there is no actual camouflage column.

In our opinion, this aesthetic requirement should soon be put in place by the authorities, the management board of the residential areas and the service providers when setting up the station in the current stage of construction. Especially in the draft of the Telecommunications Law being drafted, this aesthetic issue needs to be included in order to push networks to comply strictly. In the long run, networks have to catch this problem early because this is an inevitable trend, if it is slowly invested, the cost of replacing and removing the old pillar will increase, experience from China has shown. clear this.

The disguise and beautify the column will benefit not only the people and the landscape in general but also the networks themselves. People no longer see the antenna pointing at themselves, and their feelings will feel safer. Helps reduce the number of mobile wave claims that affect public health and the disputes related to mobile base stations like they are happening in some parts of Vietnam.

Nguồn Echip Mobile